A good indicator of women's equality is the percentage of women in parliament. With the exception of the high percentage of women parliamentarians in Scandinavia, the socialist countries have among the highest percentages: Cuba 36.0%, Vietnam 27.3%, China 20/2%. Compare, for example, Jamaica 11.7%, Thailand 9.2%, US 14.3%.
Socialist countries made major efforts to free women from the double burden of worker and homemaker. Lenin told Clara Zetkin, "we are seriously carrying out the demand in our programme for the transference of the economic and educational functions of the separate household to society. That will mean freedom for the woman from the old household drudgery and dependence on man. That enables her to exercise to the full her talents and her inclinations." And as Mao Tse-Tung said, "Under capitalism, the female half of the human race suffers under a double yoke ... they are, firstly, in an inferior position because the law denies them equality with men, and secondly, and this is most important, they are "in domestic slavery," they are "domestic slaves," crushed by the most petty, most menial, most arduous, and most stultifying work of the kitchen, and by isolated domestic, family economy in general."
A further indication of the close link between revolution and women's equality is shown by the fact when socialism collapsed in Eastern Europe, many of the gains in women's equality were lost.
But full equality was not achieved by socialism in the 20th Century. At the top of state power in most socialist countries, the government leaders were men, reflecting the dominance of war communism. In many cases, photos of top government officials were indistinguishable from photos of military generals.
Revolutionary movements, if they are to achieve full equality for women, will have to press not only for socialism, but also for a culture of peace. At the same time, keeping in mind the dialectical principle that "the interdependence and the closest and indissoluble connection between all aspects of any phenomenon," any action for women's equality contributes to the overall struggle of the culture of peace versus the culture of war.